Prevention of Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease is a severe disorder that has become increasingly common worldwide. Five to ten percent of all adults suffer from some form of kidney disease that can lead to kidney failure and the need for renal replacement therapy, such as haemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, or kidney transplantation. Such a disease can be  a significant limitation to quality of life, if it is not managed correctly.

Therefore, it is vital to prevent kidney failure whenever possible. For those who already have some form of renal dysfunction, the following advice is particularly important. Similar health advice applies equally to healthy people wanting to avoid damaging their kidneys.
1.    Stop smoking! Do not start!
2.    Exercise regularly, maintain a healthy weight.
3.    Check your blood pressure frequently, especially if it has been found to be above the normal value.
4.    Check your blood sugar level regularly if it at any time has been too high.
5.    Be careful with pharmaceuticals that may cause damage to the kidneys.
6.    Check your kidney function if you have diabetes or high blood pressure.
7.    Limit alcohol consumption.
8.    Do not abuse any medication/drugs.
9.    Moderate your use of salt.