Medication and hypertension

A healthy kidney removes the waste of water and regulates arterial pressure. To control arterial pressure it’s necessary to control fluids ingestion and salt and anti-hypertensive medication may be prescribed.

Anti-hypertensive medication or medication which help to lower blood pressure

Blood pressure is defined as the strength which blood makes against blood vessels halls after being bombed by the heart.

Reference values:

Systolic B.P. or “Maximum” – less than 130 mmHg
Dyastolic B.P. or “Minimum” – less than 80 mmHg

Raised blood pressure, hypertension, may be a cause or a consequence from renal disease. To keep blood pressure under control there are several types of anti-hypertensive medication. Some patients may need different combinations of several medication. There are some classes available such as:

  • Calcium channels blokers – Ex.: Nifedipine; Amlodipine
  • ACE inhibitors = Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitors – Ex.: Captopril; Lisinopril; Enalapril; Perindopril
  • ARAs = Angiotensin II Rececptor Antagonists – Ex.: Losartan
  • ß-blockers – Carvedilol; Bisoprolol
  • α2 Central Agonists – Clonidine

To keep blood pressure under control an adequate diet with salt and fluids ingestion restriction should be followed. When this is not enough medication prescription  may be needed.

It is important that this medication is taken according to doctor`s prescription, at the right time and  the recommended quantity. You should not stop taking the medication without talking to your doctor.